CNDP1 cDNA ORF Clone in Cloning Vector, Human General Information
Same as Gene Bank Ref. ID sequence with the nucleotide (44-46) insertion mutation, and resulting in an additional amino acid: Leu.
ORF Clone of Human carnosine dipeptidase 1 (metallopeptidase M20 family) DNA.
The plasmid is confirmed by full-length sequencing.
Antibiotic in E.coli
Storage & Shipping
Each tube contains lyophilized plasmid.
The lyophilized plasmid can be stored at ambient temperature for three months.
**Sino Biological guarantees 100% sequence accuracy of all synthetic DNA constructs we deliver, but we do not guarantee protein expression in your experimental system. Protein expression is influenced by many factors that may vary between experiments or laboratories.**
CNDP1 cDNA ORF Clone in Cloning Vector, Human Alternative Names
CN1 cDNA ORF Clone, Human;CPGL2 cDNA ORF Clone, Human;HsT2308 cDNA ORF Clone, Human
CNDP1 Background Information
CNDP1, also known as carnosine dipeptidase 1, glutamate carboxypeptidase-like protein 2 (CPGL-2) or carnosinase 1 (CN1), is a member of the M2 metalloprotease family. The CNDP1 gene contains trinucleotide (CTG) repeat length polymorphism in the coding region, which has been demonstrated to be associated with susceptibility to developing diabetic nephropathy, for carnosine protection against the adverse effects of high glucose levels on renal cells. In humans, CNDP1 is secreted from the liver into the serum. In other mammals, including rodents, CNDP1 is expressed exclusively within the kidney and lacks a signal peptide. CNDP1 protein is a secreted homodimeric dipeptidase that specifically hydrolyzes L-carnosine (β-alanyl-L-histidine), and is identified as human carnosinase expressed in the brain. CNDP1 has been associated with diabetic nephropathy in Europeans and European Americans, but not African-Americans. It was identified and confirmed as a risk factor, were cross-sectional and mostly in patients with type 2 diabetes. The polymorphisms of CNDP1 can be excluded as a risk factor for nephropathy in type 1 diabetes. In addition, CNDP1 is also suggested to be implicated in the actions of neuroprotection and neurotransmiting.
carnosine dipeptidase 1 (metallopeptidase M20 family)
Teufel M, et al. (2003) Sequence identification and characterization of human carnosinase and a closely related non-specific dipeptidase. J Biol Chem 278(8):6521-31.Janssen B, et al. (2005) Carnosine as a protective factor in diabetic nephropathy: association with a leucine repeat of the carnosinase gene CNDP1. Diabetes 54(8):2320-7.Riedl E, et al. (2007) A CTG polymorphism in the CNDP1 gene determines the secretion of serum carnosinase in Cos-7 transfected cells. Diabetes 56(9):2410-3.Freedman BI, et al. (2007) A leucine repeat in the carnosinase gene CNDP1 is associated with diabetic end-stage renal disease in European Americans. Nephrol Dial Transplant 22(4):1131-5.Wanic K, et al. (2008) Exclusion of polymorphisms in carnosinase genes (CNDP1 and CNDP2) as a cause of diabetic nephropathy in type 1 diabetes: results of large case-control and follow-up studies. Diabetes 57(9):2547-51.McDonough CW, et al. (2009) The influence of carnosinase gene polymorphisms on diabetic nephropathy risk in African-Americans. Hum Genet. 126(2):265-75.