Human BTLA HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Product Information
This Human BTLA overexpression lysate was created in HEK293 Cells and intented for use as a Western blot (WB) positive control. Purification of BTLA protein (Cat: 11895-H02H) from the overexpression lysate was verified.
A DNA sequence encoding the human BTLA (NP_001078826.1)(Met1-Thr134) was expressed with the Fc region of human IgG1 at the C-terminus.
The recombinant human BTLA comprises 372 amino acids and has a predicted molecular mass 42.2 kDa.
Human BTLA HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Usage Guide
Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization of the over-expressed cells in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 min in 1 x SDS loading buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.
1. Centrifuge the tube for a few seconds and ensure the pellet at the bottom of the tube.
2. Re-dissolve the pellet using 200μL pure water and boil for 2-5 min.
1 X Sample Buffer (1 X modified RIPA buffer+1 X SDS loading buffer).
Stability & Storage
Store at 4℃ for up to twelve months from date of receipt. After re-dissolution, aliquot and store at -80℃ for up to twelve months. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Western Blot (WB) Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Human BTLA HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Alternative Names
Human BTLA1 Overexpression Lysate; Human CD272 Overexpression Lysate
BTLA Background Information
BTLA is a inhibitory molecule which belongs to the Ig superfamily. It down-modulates immune responses. As such, reagents that regulate the binding of BTLA to its ligand or alter BTLA signaling have significant therapeutic promise. BTLA is crucial to understand the mechanism(s) of action of these antibodies before attempting clinical applications. BTLA is not expressed by naive T cells, but it is induced during activation and remains expressed on T helper type 1 (T(H)1) but not T(H)2 cells. BTLA is a third inhibitory receptor on T lymphocytes with similarities to cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) and programmed death 1 (PD-1).
Fourcade J, et al. (2012) CD8(+) T cells specific for tumor antigens can be rendered dysfunctional by the tumor microenvironment through upregulation of the inhibitory receptors BTLA and PD-1. Cancer Res. 72(4):887-96.
Kojima R, et al. (2011) Molecular basis for herpesvirus entry mediator recognition by the human immune inhibitory receptor CD160 and its relationship to the cosignaling molecules BTLA and LIGHT. J Mol Biol. 413(4):762-72.
Oki M, et al. (2011) A functional polymorphism in B and T lymphocyte attenuator is associated with susceptibility to rheumatoid arthritis. Clin Dev Immunol. 305656.